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Happy St Patrick's Day 2017 Celebrations across the world | Lá Fhéile Pádraig Traditions | History

Saint Patrick's Day, or the Feast of Saint Patrick (Irish: Lá Fhéile Pádraig), also known as "the Day of the Festival of Patrick", is a cultural and religious celebration held on 17 March every year, the traditional death date of Saint Patrick (c. AD 385–461), the foremost patron saint of Ireland.





St. Patrick's Day Celebration
Wearing of the green
On St Patrick's Day it is standard to wear shamrocks and/or green attire or embellishments (the "wearing of the green"). St Patrick is said to have utilized the shamrock, a three-leaved plant, to disclose the Holy Trinity to the agnostic Irish. This story first shows up in writing in 1726, however it might be more established.
In agnostic Ireland, three was a noteworthy number and the Irish had numerous triple divinities, a reality that might have supported St Patrick in his evangelisation efforts. Patricia Monaghan says there is no proof that the shamrock was holy to the agnostic Irish. However, Jack Santino hypothesizes that it might have spoken to the regenerative forces of nature, and was recast in a Christian context‍—‌icons of St Patrick regularly delineate the holy person "with a cross in one hand and a sprig of shamrocks in the other". Roger Homan thinks of, "We can maybe see St Patrick drawing upon the visual idea of the triskele when he utilizes the shamrock to clarify the Trinity".
The shading green has been connected with Ireland since at any rate the 1640s, when the green harp banner was utilized by the Irish Catholic Confederation. Green strips and shamrocks have been worn on St Patrick's Day since at any rate the 1680s. The Friendly Brothers of St Patrick, an Irish organization established in around 1750, embraced green as its colour. However, when the Order of St. Patrick—an Anglo-Irish chivalric request—was established in 1783 it received blue as its shading, which prompted blue being connected with St Patrick. Amid the 1790s, green would get to be connected with Irish patriotism, because of its utilization by the United Irishmen. This was a republican association—drove for the most part by Protestants yet with numerous Catholic individuals—who dispatched a defiance in 1798 against British principle. The expression "wearing of the green" originates from a tune of the same name, which mourns United Irishmen supporters being abused for wearing green. All through the nineteenth and twentieth hundreds of years, the shading green and its relationship with St Patrick's Day grew. The wearing of the 'St Patrick's Day Cross' was likewise a famous custom in Ireland until the mid-twentieth century. These were a Celtic Christian cross made of paper that was "secured with silk or strip of various hues, and a cluster or rosette of green silk in the center".

St. Patrick's Day Celebrations by region
St. Patrick's Day Celebrations in Ireland
Holy person Patrick's gala day, as a sort of national day, was at that point being praised by the Irish in Europe in the ninth and tenth hundreds of years. In later times, he turned out to be more generally known as the benefactor of Ireland. Saint Patrick's gala day was at long last set on the widespread ceremonial timetable in the Catholic Church because of the impact of Waterford-conceived Franciscan researcher Luke Wadding in the mid 1600s. Holy person Patrick's Day in this manner turned into a blessed day of commitment for Roman Catholics in Ireland. It is likewise a banquet day in the Church of Ireland. The congregation schedule maintains a strategic distance from the recognition of holy people's blowouts amid specific solemnities, moving the holy person's day to a period outside those periods. St Patrick's Day is every so often influenced by this necessity, when 17 March falls amid Holy Week. This happened in 1940, when Saint Patrick's Day was seen on 3 April to maintain a strategic distance from it harmonizing with Palm Sunday, and again in 2008, where it was formally seen on 14 March. St Patrick's Day won't fall inside of Holy Week again until 2160. However, the mainstream festivity is constantly hung on 17 March.
In 1903, St Patrick's Day turned into an official open occasion in Ireland. This was on account of the Bank Holiday (Ireland) Act 1903, a demonstration of the United Kingdom Parliament presented by Irish Member of Parliament James O'Mara. O'Mara later presented the law that required that bars and bars be shut on 17 March in the wake of drinking escaped hand, a procurement that was revoked in the 1970s.
The primary St Patrick's Day parade in Ireland was held in Waterford in 1903. The week of March 15–22, 1903 had been proclaimed Irish Language Week by the Gaelic League and in Waterford they selected to have a parade on Sunday March 15. The Waterford exchanges unions from the Trades Hall chose to partake in this "St Patrick's Day Procession". The parade involved the Mayor and individuals from Waterford Corporation, the Trades Hall, the different exchange unions and groups who incorporated the Barrack St. Band and the Thomas Francis Meagher Band. This parade began from the premises of the Gaelic League in George's St. furthermore, completed in the People’s Park, Waterford where the general population were tended to by the Mayor and other dignitaries. On Tuesday, March 17 Waterford business premises were shut and walking groups paraded as they did two days previously. The Waterford Trades Hall had been determined that the National Holiday watched and it creates the impression that most business premises stayed shut for March 17, including a great deal of Public Houses.
The primary St Patrick's Day parade in Dublin occurred in 1931 and was assessed by the then Minister of Defense Desmond Fitzgerald.
In the mid-1990s the legislature of the Republic of Ireland started a battle to utilize St Patrick's Day to showcase Ireland and its culture. The administration set up a gathering called St Patrick's Festival, with the points:
Customary St Patrick's Day identifications from the mid twentieth century, captured at the Museum of Country Life in County Mayo

To offer a national celebration that positions amongst the majority of the best festival on the planet

To make vitality and energy all through Ireland by means of development, inventiveness, grassroots inclusion, and showcasing movement

To give the open door and inspiration to individuals of Irish plunge (and the individuals who now and again wish they were Irish) to go to and join in the creative and expressive festivals

To extend, globally, a precise picture of Ireland as an imaginative, proficient and advanced nation with wide appeal.

The first St Patrick's Festival was held on 17 March 1996. In 1997, it became a three-day event, and by 2000 it was a four-day event. By 2006, the festival was five days long; more than 675,000 people attended the 2009 parade. Overall 2009's five-day festival saw close to 1 million visitors, who took part in festivities that included concerts, outdoor theatre performances, and fireworks. Sky fest forms the centerpiece of the festival.
The topic of the 2004 St Patrick's Symposium was "Talking Irish", during which the nature of Irish identity, economic success, and the future were discussed. Since 1996, there has been a greater emphasis on celebrating and projecting a fluid and inclusive notion of "Irishness" rather than an identity based around traditional religious or ethnic allegiance. The week around St Patrick's Day usually involves Irish language speakers using more Irish during Seachtain na Gaeilge ("Irish Language Week").
Christian leaders in Ireland have expressed concern about the secularisation of St Patrick's Day. In The Word magazine's March 2007 issue, Fr. Vincent Twomey wrote, "It is time to reclaim St Patrick's Day as a church festival." He questioned the need for "mindless alcohol-fuelled revelry" and concluded that "it is time to bring the piety and the fun together."
As well as Dublin, many other cities, towns, and villages in Ireland hold their own parades and festivals, including Cork, Belfast, Derry, Galway, Kilkenny, Limerick, and Waterford.
The biggest celebrations outside Dublin are in Downpatrick, County Down, where Saint Patrick is rumoured to be buried. The shortest St Patrick's Day parade in the world takes place in Dripsey, Cork. The parade lasts just 100 yards and travels between the village's two pubs.

St. Patrick's Day Celebrations in Argentina
A Saint Patrick's Day in Buenos Aires (Argentina)
In Buenos Aires, a party is held in the downtown street of Reconquista, where there are several Irish pubs; in 2006, there were 50,000 people in this street and the pubs nearby. Neither the Catholic Church nor the Irish community, the fifth largest in the world outside Ireland, take part in the organization of the parties.

St. Patrick's Day Celebrations in Canada
Montreal Saint Patrick's Day Parade (c. 1824)
One of the longest-running and largest St Patrick's Day parades in North America occurs each year in Montreal, whose city flag includes a shamrock in its lower-right quadrant. The annual celebration has been organized by the United Irish Societies of Montreal since 1929. The parade has been held annually without interruption since 1824. St. Patrick's Day itself, however, has been celebrated in Montreal since as far back as 1759 by Irish soldiers in the Montreal Garrison following the British conquest of New France.
Children watch the Saint Patrick's Day Parade in Montreal.
Manitoba Saint Patrick's Day Festival
In Manitoba, the Irish Association of Manitoba runs an annual three-day festival of music and culture based around St Patrick's Day.
Vancouver CelticFest (c. 2004)
In 2004, the CelticFest Vancouver Society organised its first annual festival in downtown Vancouver to celebrate the Celtic Nations and their culture. This event, which includes a parade, occurs each year during the weekend closest to St Patrick's Day.
Quebec Saint Patrick's Day Parade (1837-1926 and 2010-)
In Quebec City, there was a parade from 1837 to 1926. The Quebec City St-Patrick Parade returned in 2010 after an absence of more than 84 years. For the occasion, a portion of the New York Police Department Pipes and Drums were present as special guests.
Toronto Saint Patrick's Day Parade (c. 1863)
There has been a parade held in Toronto since at least 1863. The Toronto Maple Leafs hockey team was known as the Toronto St. Patricks from 1919 to 1927, and wore green jerseys. In 1999, when the Maple Leafs played on Saint Patrick's Day, they wore green Saint Patrick's retro uniforms. There is a large parade in the city's downtown core on the Sunday prior to 17 March which attracts over 100,000 spectators.
Other Saint Patrick's Day Celebrations in Canada
Some groups, notably Guinness, have lobbied to make Saint Patrick's Day a national holiday.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Saint Patrick's Day in Canada.
In March 2009, the Calgary Tower changed its top exterior lights to new green CFL bulbs just in time for St Patrick's Day. Part of an environmental non-profit organization’s campaign (Project Porchlight), the green represented environmental concerns. Approximately 210 lights were changed in time for Saint Patrick's Day, and resembled a Leprechaun's hat. After a week, white CFLs took their place. The change was estimated to save the Calgary Tower some $12,000 and reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 104 tonnes.

St. Patrick's Day Celebrations in Great Britain
2006 St Patrick's Day celebrations in Trafalgar Square London
In Great Britain, Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother used to present bowls of shamrock flown over from Ireland to members of the Irish Guards, a regiment in the British Army consisting primarily of soldiers from both Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. The Irish Guards still wear shamrock on this day, flown in from Ireland.
Christian denominations in Great Britain observing his feast day include The Church of England and the Roman Catholic Church.
Horse racing at the Cheltenham Festival attracts large numbers of Irish people, both residents of Britain and many who travel from Ireland, and usually coincides with St Patrick's Day.
Birmingham holds the largest St Patrick's Day parade in Britain with a city center parade over a two-mile (3 km) route through the city center. The organizers describe it as the third biggest parade in the world after Dublin and New York.
London, since 2002, has had an annual St Patrick's Day parade which takes place on weekends around the 17th, usually in Trafalgar Square. In 2008 the water in the Trafalgar Square fountains was dyed green.
Liverpool has the highest proportion of residents with Irish ancestry of any English city.[53] This has led to a long-standing celebration on St Patrick's Day in terms of music, cultural events and the parade. Manchester hosts a two-week Irish festival in the weeks prior to St Patrick's Day. The festival includes an Irish Market based at the city's town hall which flies the Irish tricolour opposite the Union Flag, a large parade as well as a large number of cultural and learning events throughout the two-week period.
The Scottish Town of Coat Bridge, where the majority of the town's population are of Irish descent, also has a Saint Patrick's Day Festival which includes celebrations and parades in the town center.
Glasgow has a considerably large Irish population; due, for the most part, to the Irish immigration during the 19th century. This immigration was the main cause in raising the population of Glasgow by over 100,000 people. Due to this large Irish population, there is a considerable Irish presence in Glasgow with many Irish theme pubs and Irish interest groups who run annual celebrations on St Patrick's day in Glasgow. Glasgow began an annual Saint Patrick's Day parade and festival in 2007.

St. Patrick's Day Celebrations in International Space Station
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Saint Patrick's Day on the International Space Station. Chris Hadfield wearing green in the International Space Station on Saint Patrick's Day, 2013. Astronauts on board the International Space Station have celebrated the festival in different ways. Irish-American Catherine Coleman played a hundred-year-old flute belonging to Matt Molloy and a tin whistle belonging to Paddy Moloney, both members of the Irish music group The Chieftains, while floating weightless in the space station on Saint Patrick's Day in 2011. Her performance was later included in a track called "The Chieftains in Orbit" on the group's album, Voice of Ages.
Chris Hadfield took photographs of Ireland from earth orbit, and a picture of himself wearing green clothing in the space station, and posted them online on Saint Patrick's Day in 2013. He also posted online a recording of himself singing "Danny Boy" in space.

St. Patrick's Day Celebrations in Japan
St Patrick's Parades are now held in many locations across Japan. The first parade, in Tokyo, was organised by The Irish Network Japan (INJ) in 1992. Nowadays parades and other events related to Saint Patrick's Day spread across almost the entire month of March.

St. Patrick's Day Celebrations in Malaysia
The St. Patrick's Society of Selangor, which has been in existence since 1925, organises the annual St. Patrick's Ball, the biggest St Patrick's Day celebration in Asia. Guinness Anchor Berhad also organises 36 parties across the country in places like the Klang Valley, Penang, Johor Bahru, Malacca, Ipoh, Kuantan, Kota Kinabalu, Miri and Kuching.

St. Patrick's Day Celebrations in Montserrat
The tiny island of Montserrat is known as "Emerald Island of the Caribbean" because of its founding by Irish refugees from Saint Kitts and Nevis. Along with Ireland and the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador, St Patrick's Day is a public holiday. The holiday also commemorates a failed slave uprising that occurred on 17 March 1768.

St. Patrick's Day Celebrations in Russia
The first St Patrick's Day parade took place in Russia in 1992. Since 1999, there is an annual international "Saint Patrick's Day" festival in Moscow and other Russian cities. The Moscow parade has both official and unofficial parts. The first seems like a military parade and is performed in collaboration with the Moscow government and the Irish embassy in Moscow. The unofficial parade is performed by volunteers and seems more like a carnival and show with juggling, stilts, jolly-jumpers and Celtic music. In 2014, Moscow Irish Week was celebrated from 12 to 23 March, which includes St. Patrick's Day on 17 March. Over 70 events celebrating Irish culture in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Yekaterinburg, Voronezh, and Volgograd were sponsored by the Irish Embassy, the Moscow City Government, and other organizations.

St. Patrick's Day Celebrations in South Korea
The Irish Association of Korea has celebrated Saint Patrick's Day since 1976 in Seoul (the capital city of South Korea). The place of parade and festival has been moved from Itaewon and Daehangno to Cheonggyecheon.

St. Patrick's Day Celebrations in Switzerland
While Saint Patrick's Day in Switzerland is commonly celebrated on 17 March with festivities similar to those in neighbouring central European countries, it is not unusual for Swiss students to organise celebrations in their own living spaces on Saint Patrick's Eve. Most popular are usually those in Zurich's Kreis 4. Traditionally, guests also contribute with beverages and dress accordingly in green.

St. Patrick's Day Celebrations in United States

St Patrick's Day, while not a legal holiday in the United States, is nonetheless widely recognized and observed throughout the country as a celebration of Irish and Irish American culture. Celebrations include prominent displays of the color green, eating and drinking, religious observances, and numerous parades. The holiday has been celebrated on the North American continent since the late eighteenth century.

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